The Role of Biodegradable Polypropylene Mulch on the Growth of Red Chili (Capsicum annuum L.)

Main Article Content

Ferdianto Budi Samudra

Abstract

The role of mulch in maintaining soil temperature and preventing competition from weeds has been felt by farmers, but the use of mulch is still limited to polyethylene (PE) mulch which is less environmentally friendly. The purpose of this study was to analyze the role of various types of mulch on the Hot Chili varieties of red chili. The method used was a Randomized Block Design (RAK) with 5 (five) treatments and 3 (three) replications. The mulch used consisted of straw mulch, black silver polyethylene (PE) mulch, thin black polyporpylene (PP) mulch, thick black polyporpylene (PP) mulch, gray polyporpylene (PP) mulch, black silver polyporpylene (PP) mulch. The results showed that silver black PP mulch had the same effect as silver black PE and the effect was greater than thin black PP, thick black PP, straw and gray PP on growth observations and total fresh weight of fruit per plant.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
Articles

References

Almeida D de O, Filho OK, Almeida HC, Gebler L, Felipe AF. 2011. Soil microbial biomass under mulch types in an integrated apple orchard from Southern Brazil. Sci. Agric. 68(2):217–222.doi:10.1590/s0103-90162011000200012.
Amare G, Desta B. 2021. Coloured Plastic Mulches: Impact on Soil Properties and Crop Productivity. Chem. Biol. Technol. Agric. 8(1):1–10.doi:10.1186/s40538-020-00201-8.
Berger S, Kim Y, Kettering J, Gebauer G. 2013. Plastic mulching in agriculture-Friend or foe of N2O emissions? Agric. Ecosyst. Environ. 167(1):43–51.doi:10.1016/j.agee.2013.01.010.
Driesen E, Ende W Van Den, Proft M De, Saeys W. 2020. Influence of Environmental Factors Light , CO 2 , Temperature , and Relative Humidity on Stomatal Opening and Development : A Review. Agronomy. 10(1975):1–28.
Fang X, Zhu Y, Liu J, Lin X, Sun H, Tang X, Hu Y, Huang Y, Yi Z. 2022. Effects of Moisture and Temperature on Soil Organic Carbon Decomposition along a Vegetation Restoration Gradient of Subtropical China. forest. 13(578):1–16.
Franquera EN. 2015. Effects of Plastic Mulch Color on the Total Soluble Solids , Total Sugars and Chlorophyll Content of Lettuce ( Lactuca sativa L .). Int. J. Res. Agric. For. 2(8):18–24.
George S, Idicula SP, Joseph K. 2015. Polypropylene woven fabric: A good mulch material for young rubber plants. J. Plant. Crop. 43(3):171–177.doi:10.19071/jpc.2015.v43.i3.2850.
Kader MA, Singha A, Begum MA, Jewel A, Khan FH. 2019. Mulching as water-saving technique in dryland agriculture : review article. Bull. Natl. Res. Cent. 7(1):1–6.
Khan VA, Decoteau DR, Building T. 2008. The emergence and early development of colored reflective plastic mulch technology in agriculture. Recent Adv. Agric. 661(2):1–17.
Li Q, Li H, Zhang L, Zhang S, Chen Y. 2018. Mulching improves yield and water-use efficiency of potato cropping in China: A meta-analysis. F. Crop. Res. 221(February):50–60.doi:10.1016/j.fcr.2018.02.017.
Sarkar MD, Solaiman AHM, Jahan MS, Rojoni RN, Kabir K, Hasanuzzaman M. 2019. Soil parameters, onion growth, physiology, biochemical and mineral nutrient composition in response to colored polythene film mulches. Ann. Agric. Sci. 64(1):63–70.doi:10.1016/j.aoas.2019.05.003.
Thankamani CK, Kandiannan K, Hamza S, Saji K V. 2016. Effect of mulches on weed suppression and yield of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Sci. Hortic. (Amsterdam). 207(1):125– 130.doi:10.1016/j.scienta.2016.05.010.
Toor RFVAN, Till CM, James DE, Teulon DAJ. 2004. Evaluation Of UV Reflective Mulches For Protection Against Thrips ( Thrips Tabaci ) In Onion ( Allium Cepa ) Crops. Hortic. Arab. Entomol. 213(December 2002):209–213.
Yustiningsih M. 2019. Intensitas Cahaya dan Efisiensi Fotosintesis pada Tanaman Naungan dan Tanaman Terpapar Cahaya Langsung. BIOEDU. 4(2):43–48.